A University campus is supposed to be renowned for allowing students and staff to engage in freedom of speech – without having policies or rules in place to limit this. However, a recent report by Spiked Online has suggested that very few Universities actually actively promote freedom of speech, with many supposedly actively blocking free speech from their campus. The University of York was given an ‘amber’ ranking – denoting it has ‘chilled free speech through intervention’.
The report was the latest edition of Spiked Online‘s annual free speech rankings, with 115 Universities being ranked. They examine any policies or actions that the University or Student Union has, and analyses the threat each poses to freedom of speech on campus. These can include specific speakers being banned, censorship and other policies. The organisation subsequently rank each University using a traffic-light system. Red denotes the institution is ‘hostile to free speech’. Amber suggests it ‘chills free speech’, with Green being the best. Click here for a full explanation.
While York didn’t receive a ‘red’ ranking, there is clearly room for improvement according to the study. The study noted that the University and Students’ Union ‘collectively create an environment that chills free speech’. The report states the University restricts ‘offensive’ jokes, cancelled an International Men’s Day event in 2015 following protests, and reported a hockey team to the Police regarding offensive t-shirts. The Union meanwhile restricts ‘offensive sexual gestures and innuendos’. This marks the third successive year that the University has been ranked at amber. In 2015 it was given a green ranking.
Only seven of the 115 institutions were given a green rating. Among them were the University of Buckingham, Robert Gordon University, Trinity St. David, and the University of Winchester among others. No traditional, long-established University attained a green rating. Unfortunately, 63 Universities were given a ‘red’ ranking. 45 Universities attained an amber rating. It should be noted that some have disputed the accuracy and methodology of these findings. Yet by using a consistent model, these rankings can certainly be considered reliable to analyse.
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So a mixed result for the University of York. A University is somewhere that freedom of speech should be encouraged and harnessed to help students debate and achieve their potential. It is therefore disappointing to see so many Universities criticised for their stance on freedom of speech – though also a clear sign of living in the current world we do. Yet creating an environment where everyone feels comfortable is equally important. Sometimes it seems these two elements cannot function alongside one another.