UniEel Experiencing: Albania

Albania is a country located in Europe. The nation is known for having a beautiful landscape, impressive coastal regions and its range of castles and archaeological sites. Albania shares borders with Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Greece. Albania features a climate similar to many other European nations – with a cold winter between November and February, though a warm summer between May and August. The population of the country is approximately 2,900,000. There is a lot to see and do in the country. Overall, Albania is a nation well worth visiting, helping to form this edition of ‘UniEel Experiencing’.

 

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QUICK FACTS

Nation: Albania
Continent: Europe
Capital: Tirana
Land Mass: 11,100 square miles
Population: 2,900,000
Religion: Secular State (With Islam the most popular)
Language: Albanian
Currency: Albanian Lek

 

Albania has an interesting history. Human existence in Albania trace back thousands of years. In the early years, Albania was under the rule of several tribes. Centuries later, Albania had spells as part of the Byzantine Empire, Venetian and Serbian Empire. By 1272, the Kingdom of Albania had been established. Yet the Ottoman Empire would secure control of Albania around two hundred years later. Islam became the main religion of Albania around this time, and many credit Albania with contributing significantly to the wider Muslim community. Albania finally left Ottoman control in 1912, after declaring independence. This was facilitated by the League for the Defense of the Rights of the Albanian Nation. In the following years, Tirana was installed as the capital city, while efforts were made to improve infrastructure, including roads. However Albania would be occupied by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany during World War Two. Communism was introduced in the aftermath of the World War, and the nation enjoyed rapid economic growth. By 1967, Albania was declared the world’s first ‘atheist state’, and a religious crackdown commenced. In the 1990s, some investments turned sour, while Italy entered the nation in 1997 in a peacekeeping operation. Yet stability has been achieved, and the nation became a NATO member in 2014.

 

Things to Do and See:

Albania features many different things to see! The nation is full of picturesque lakes – with some of the most famous including Lake Ohrid and Lake Skadar. As mentioned earlier, the nation is famous for some of its historical and archaeological sites. There are a few castles that are popular with tourists – including the Rozafa Castle, Berat Castle and Porto Palermo Castle. The capital city Tirana is the most built up area of the nation, and features some amazing sights. There are a range of tours available – which can help you see the capital city. Staying with Tirana, the National Museum of History is another popular spot for tourists to visit – and provides an in-depth view of Albanian history. The Pyramid of Tirana and Rinia Park are other popular spots in the capital city to see. Albania features countless mountainous regions, and one that is popular with visitors is Korab. There are many coastal areas too, with many beaches.

 

 

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Albania is a nation well worth visiting. As shown in this article, Albania certainly is an interesting country that offers a lot to its visitors. This short guide should provide you with key information regarding Albania, complete with ideas of things to do. Look out for more countries being analysed in our ‘Experiencing’ series. For more information on Albania, consult the UK’s Travel Advice for Albania at this link. Happy travelling!

 

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