Personality Disorders


An individual with a Personality Disorder thinks, behaves, feels or relates profoundly differently from the average person. There are ten different personality disorders. These disorders vary considerably, and thus the symptoms of each differ too. There is nothing wrong at all with being different, and there is nothing to suggest that a ‘normal’ personality type exists. However, an individual with a personality disorder will often struggle to cope with their symptoms. In this section, we provide a general overview of personality disorders. For more detail, read the individual profile of each personality disorder by clicking on their name below.




Cluster A: Odd and Eccentric

  • Paranoid Personality Disorder: Suspicious of others and their intentions. Hold grudges against others and believe that others are being nasty or horrible to them, despite this often not being the case.
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder: Lack of emotions, prefer own company, aloof, indifferent to friendships and exhibit a rich fantasy world.
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder: Eccentric behaviour, difficulty in thinking, a lack of emotions. Often related to Schizophrenia.


Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional and Erratic

  • Antisocial Personality DisorderLittle care for the feelings of others, impulsive, aggressive, struggle to build friendships and a repetitive failure to learn from past experiences.
  • Borderline Personality Disorder: Impulsive, struggle to control emotions, often self-harm, feelings of paranoia and depression, struggle to maintain relationships.
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder: Exhibits a proclivity for over-dramatising events, self-centered, changing emotions quickly, worry excessively about their appearance and often acts seductively.
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Have a sense of self-importance, dream of power and success, craves attention, takes advantage of others and often will ask for endless favours.


Cluster C: Anxious and Fearful



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The symptoms of each disorder vary, with a small snapshot provided in the list above. We recommend reading through a profile of any disorder you are interested in.



There is no set cause of personality disorders in general, though each different disorder features its own causes. In general, these tend to relate to upbringing and early life problems (physical or sexual abuse in childhood, violence, parents who were alcoholics). There can also be some triggers, such as alcohol abuse, money and financial problems, anxiety, depression, stress, or bereavement and loss.



A diagnosis of any personality disorder can only be made by a mental health specialist, who will need to conduct a thorough analysis of your life and history. Each disorder has its own specific way of being diagnosed, click on the individual profile for more.



Treatment usually consists of a form of talking therapy – normally a form of psychotherapy. In some cases, antidepressants or antipsychotics (at a very low dose) are also prescribed. Rarely, mood stabilisers will be prescribed. Click on one disorder to see the treatment options.



Other Personality Disorders:


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