The University of Oxford is ‘hostile’ towards free speech on campus, according to a recent report by Spiked Online. The report has cast doubt over the notion that a University campus is a location which allows students and staff to engage in free speech. The report suggests very few Universities in the United Kingdom actually actively promote freedom of speech on campus. Some, they suggest, actively block freedom of speech. In this article, we take a look at the report on Oxford University.
The report was the 2018 edition of Spiked Online‘s annual free speech rankings, with 115 Universities being ranked. The report examined any policies or actions that a University or Student Union employs, and analyses the threat each poses to freedom of speech on campus. These can include specific speakers being banned, censorship and other policies. The organisation subsequently rank each University using a traffic-light system. Red denotes the institution is ‘hostile to free speech’. Amber suggests it ‘chills free speech’, with Green suggesting the University has a ‘hands-off approach’ to free speech. Click here for a full explanation.
The study gives Oxford University a red rank. The study concludes that the University, constituent colleges, common rooms and Students’ Union ‘collectively create a hostile environment for free speech’. The University was given a red ranking – due to it restricts ‘offensive’ and ‘needlessly provocative’ speech, and effectively forces students to use transgender pronouns. The Union is also ranked red – due to how it has banned a pro-life group, student magazine and a Christian group (from a freshers’ fair). This averages out unsurprisingly as a red grade, and is the fourth successive time that Oxford has been ranked at red.
Looking at the overall conclusions – surprisingly only seven of the 115 institutions analysed were given a green rating. Among them were the University of Buckingham, Robert Gordon University, Trinity St. David, and the University of Winchester. No traditional, long-established University attained a green rating, while the vast majority of London-based institutions were ranked as red. 63 Universities in total were given a red ranking, with 45 Universities attaining an amber rating. It should be noted that some have disputed the accuracy and methodology of the report.
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So a disappointing result for Oxford University – with the report having a negative outlook on freedom of speech on the institution’s campus. A University is somewhere that freedom of speech should be encouraged and harnessed to help students debate and achieve their potential. Yet it is equally important to create an environment where everyone feels comfortable. Sometimes it seems these two elements cannot function alongside one another, which is disappointing.